Barmaley's Aggregated Questions Thread

Discussion in 'Maintenance, Tinkering & Embellishment' started by Barmaley, Apr 21, 2020.

  1. Mr.Wizard


    Feb 28, 2015
    @Diemaker Is this from the paper bunching up at the edge?
  2. Diemaker

    Diemaker KnifeMaker / Craftsman / Service Provider Knifemaker / Craftsman / Service Provider

    Apr 28, 2017
    No, I "think" it is from the stone rocking just a little from the friction of pushing it across the paper, so there is more downward pressure of the stone onto the sandpaper at the leading edge of where the stone contacts the paper. The reason why this happens is just an educated guess, but there is no guessing in observing what does happen.
    Mr.Wizard likes this.
  3. SubMicron

    SubMicron Gold Member Gold Member

    Feb 2, 2020
    It's best to alternate stroke type and direction while also rotating which direction you're holding the stone.

    Sandpaper on glass can wear edges faster than the center, but less so seemingly than loose SC on glass, due to the glass dishing.

    I used SC sandpaper on glass to remove the bulk, which was a chore. I then finished on Atoma diamond plates.

    Truly flat diamond plates such as Atoma or DMT Dia-Flat (different than DMT sharpening plates) will produce the best results in terms of flatness and speed of cutting.

    For me, the whole point of SC Sandpaper on glass was simply is to minimize wear on my Atoma diamond plates. They're not cheap.

    The difference in the polish on steel produced by the Spyderco UF with an Atoma 400 grit finish versus the other side with a 1200 grit finish, is virtually indistinguishable to the eye with simple magnification.

    The primary difference that's noticeable is the speed at which the Spyderco UF cuts with either finish.

    I'd like to experiment with a wider gap in grit finish between each side. Because SC breaks down, that's hard to accomplish with the tools that I currently have.
  4. Mr.Wizard


    Feb 28, 2015
    That's unexpected. The only difference between the Spyderco Fine and Ultra Fine is the finish applied.
  5. SubMicron

    SubMicron Gold Member Gold Member

    Feb 2, 2020
    I think a larger gap than 400-1200 grit might be needed to see more of a contrast.

    The inexpensive 140 grit plate that I own leaves deep scratches. I wont use it again. I should maybe buy the Atoma 140, they're know for grit size consistency.

    Achieving a higher fish on the UF is easy with SC sandpaper.

    For now I'm content with it as-is
  6. NMpops


    Aug 9, 2010
    My primary sharpening system is a Smith's 6x2 Fine Diamond (not sure of grit) hone mounted on a wood blood. I rarely let a knife get dull enough where I need a rougher surface. I have owned and used this hone for 3 decades and it's still going strong and will put an edge on any knife that will easily cut cash register receipts. Then I strop with white then green.
  7. Barmaley


    Dec 31, 2016
    Thank you guys for advice, great result! BKF cleaner clogged Arkansas stone nicely, it is like new today! The hardest thing was to get BKF, I almost got on a waiting list to get it shipped from UK for a total for just under $30 according to @kreisler link, but fortunately I found that it is readily available in the USA :D
    Next was another discovery: cleaned medium grid Arkansas stone finally made my knife sharp again. It was cutting phone book paper before sharpening on this stone, it cuts paper in the same manner, however it cuts lamb much nicer now. I guess I need to find another test on sharpness instead of paper test: somehow I found that a knife can cut paper but can not cut produce the way I like it.
    Another surprise was to find how fast is Arkansas stone. If feels so smooth when you touch the stone but few strokes and you feel sizable burr! And final surprise was that medium Smith's stone and stropping of a paper (my leather strop was ordered but did not arrive yet) made a chef knife pretty sharp. I can guess it will be even sharper if I work it on a fine stone (after I get one)?
    Mr.Wizard, Eli Chaps and kreisler like this.
  8. kreisler


    May 11, 2012
    @all Is the 12oz bottle the catalog no. 11510 (Servaas Lab)?

    i would like to order too
  9. Jason B.

    Jason B. KnifeMaker / Craftsman / Service Provider Knifemaker / Craftsman / Service Provider

    Jun 13, 2007
    While this thread has some good advice I feel this situation has been WAY overcomplicated. Clogged Ark stone? put some WD-40, 3-in-1 oil, honing oil or about any oil on a rag and it will wipe almost completely off. It's an OIL STONE... use oil.

    Personally, I only use BKF on sintered ceramics and diamond plates and would not recommend it on any other type of stone.
    Conrad smith and kreisler like this.
  10. Barmaley


    Dec 31, 2016
    Are there any problem using BFK on Arkansas stones? Is WD-40 better?

    What is the best oil to use on Akr stone? I got mineral oil from a drag store - is it OK? I hope to use food grade oil.
  11. Conrad smith

    Conrad smith

    Apr 18, 2020
    I think using acid is overkill. All I do is spray them with windex and wipe it off and it cleans it well. If it's more stubborn I might use a toothbrush. Even wd40, breakfree clp, or CRC works too. Heck you can even use water and dawn dish soap. Now that I think of it I use jus about any thing I have in a can on hand Lol! It dosint matter, Baby oil, 3 n 1 whatever. I think this threads a bit over complicated, your stone isint going to crumble to bits :)
  12. Eli Chaps

    Eli Chaps Gold Member Gold Member Basic Member

    Apr 20, 2018
    The BKF won't hurt anything and you should rarely need it. What I believe @Jason B. is getting at is use oil and when you see swarf starting to build up, pour some more oil on it and wipe it off. I always wash mine with dish soap after use too. Doing this will keep your stones clean for a very long time and you won't need the BKF.

    Plain ole mineral oil works just fine.
  13. Craig James

    Craig James

    Oct 30, 2018
    This is totally correct. A sintered ceramic is effectively a powder exposed to heat and (in some circumstances) pressure.

    This causes the particles to diffuse into one another creating the grain structure shown in the quoted post. This all happens because of the surface energy of the particles which reduces as the surface/air interface is reduced.

    The more packed the green (un sintered) product is, the better the final result regarding % porosity. This all comes down to effective packing of the green product.

    Interestingly in times past it was very hard to get a non porous sintered product, bone China is a good example of how this was remedied. Bone ash was added into the clay amongst other things that gave a glass phase in the pottery that filled in the voids or pores. Know as liquid phase sintering.

    Vitrified abrasives use a similar process, whereby the abrasive particles are enclosed in a liquid phase.

    Long story short, the Spyderco ceramic products are a true sintered product and as such only abrade because of their surface finish and hence have no true grit rating.
    SubMicron and Mr.Wizard like this.
  14. I've used BKF for occasional cleaning of a couple of medium (soft) Arkansas stones of mine, with no ill effects on the stone. As Eli mentioned, most of the time, if the stone is oiled in use and then wiped down with fresh oil & a fairly clean rag (microfiber towels are perfect for this), it won't be necessary to use the BKF at all.

    Oil is a best friend to Ark stones and other designated 'oil stones', precisely because it keeps the stone working well so easily, so long as you don't neglect cleaning it (with oil) for too long or use the stones dry.
    Last edited: May 1, 2020
  15. Jason B.

    Jason B. KnifeMaker / Craftsman / Service Provider Knifemaker / Craftsman / Service Provider

    Jun 13, 2007
    Nope, but it is a bit pointless IMO. I use oil on oil stones and the oil also cleans them. If you don't use oil on oil stones then they clog and work even slower than they already are. So, there is no point in using BKF, IMO.

    It's like trying to use a Japanese Water stone dry... It needs water to work properly so use water.

    As for oil,

    I like WD-40 because it is thin and easily found. Thicker oils will float the blade with light pressure so I don't recommend them. And yes, mineral oil is THICK and IMO too thick to be a good honing oil.
  16. WhitleyStu

    WhitleyStu Keep'em scary sharp!!! Knifemaker / Craftsman / Service Provider

    Dec 8, 2006
    I've used aerosol carburetor cleaner on many types of stones for decades with no negative results. Drys fast and leaves a very clean surface.
  17. Barmaley


    Dec 31, 2016
    With all this in mind I guess we should be able to get another sintered ceramic material like floor tile (my understanding it is just clay baked together under very high temperature which should classify it as a sintered ceramic) and then if we could machine the surface of it with silicon carbide sand paper we should get the same finish as Spyderco stones. Will it work? Did somebody try it?
  18. Tjstampa

    Tjstampa Gold Member Gold Member

    Mar 25, 2019
    87AC57EB-BE14-498C-8452-56B718DF96A6.jpeg 0F51B16B-8A30-4F6E-8AC4-34B4BEE6C65B.jpeg 8B580FF0-6651-4470-9F56-3927289A24AB.jpeg 8C632FA5-A598-4AA5-8492-26FD0D43E44C.jpeg

    The first and last picture are my washita stones clogged with 20 years of swarf, dust and dirt. The middle pictures are after cleaning. I tried cleaning them with oil to no avail. I specifically joined this forum to see if there was a way to clean them or just throw away and get new ones. They were not nearly as effective as they used to be. @davemartin gave me great advice. After cleaning with comet the were back to performing like new. Still are a year later.
    Last edited: Apr 30, 2020
    Mr.Wizard likes this.
  19. Craig James

    Craig James

    Oct 30, 2018
    The substrate needs to be hard enough to cut the metal, we are talking here about macro roughness. For a simple ceramic like a tile, the metal would simply polish the tile rather than the other way around
  20. Mr.Wizard


    Feb 28, 2015
    @Barmaley quoting myself:

    CoorsTek sintered alumina of 99%+ purity has a bulk harness of 1440 kgf/mm2 (Knoop), and the individual grains should be harder still at about 2000 kgf/mm2 or Mohs 9. Porcelain only has a bulk hardness of about 600–800 kgf/mm2.


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